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How to join a ply-cord belt

Ashford Elizabeth

1. Lie the table face down on a flat surface. Wax the dowel ends of the legs so they can be twisted. Insert the leg A into the hole in the end of the table. Partially insert leg C into the table. Position the treadle assembly between the short leg A and long leg C. If necessary twist either leg so the treadle assembly can move freely. Then tap leg C fully into the base. Locate the leg B in place. Carefully tap all legs home and secure the short legs with the screws provided.

2. Sit the table on its legs. Take the wheel support F (which has the hole drilled right through). Place F in the hole in the table on the side away from the spinner with the bearing to the outside. Repeat with wheel support G on the spinners side, keeping the bearing facing inwards. Place the crank in position from supporter F and keep it turning freely while tightening the bolts (cotter pins). If the bearings are correctly aligned the crank should rotate freely.

3. Place the wheel into position with the groove for the hub pin away from the spinner and push the crank through the hub. This hole has deliberately been made a firm fit however a little candle wax will make this easier. Then continue to push the crank through the hub until the hole for the hub pin aligns with the slot in the hub.

4. Check the alignment of the slot and holes in the crank then carefully tap the tension pin through the hub and crank.

5. Locate the connecting rod with the bearing to the outside onto the crank and secure with the metal lock washer.

6. Position the leather con rod joint into the hole in the treadle rail and secure with a 1/4 inch 19(mm) pan head screw.

7. Tip the spinning wheel onto its front legs and wheel. Locate the maiden bar base into the table. Position the wooden nut into the hole in the lower block and thread the drive belt tensioner into the wooden nut. When adjusting the drive belt tension, first loosen the knob and then retighten to hold the maiden bar firm.

8. Wax the dowel ends then locate the two maiden uprights into the maiden bar and secure with 1 inch (25mm) pan head screws and small washers provided. Do not over tighten. When you have assembled your new wheel you may need to twist the uprights so they are 90? to the flyer shaft.

9. Place a bobbin on the spindle. Screw the flyer whorl onto the spindle until tight. A smear of Vaseline on this joint makes it easier to change bobbins.

10. Locate the flyer assembly between the maid uprights. Place the tension knob into the front side of the maiden bar. Tie a spring to one end of the nylon brake band and hook it over the cup hook. Position the brake band over the bobbin whorl, through the screw eye and cut it where it touches the tension knob. Tie the second spring half way between the screw eye and tension knob, thread the brake band through the hole in the tension knob and tie a knot. Trim off any surplus. When spinning with double drive remove the brake band and wrap it around the tension knob.

11. Unwind the belt tensioner to the end of its travel (towards the wheel). Place the drive belt over the wheel and wrap it in one continuous band around the bobbin over the wheel again around the large flyer whorl and tie the two ends. Tighten the belt tensioner until both flyer and bobbin rotate.

12. Your Ashford Elizabeth Spinning Wheel is now ready to use. For silent efficient spinning, lubricate the flyer, bobbin, conrod and treadle bearings.